Zimbabwe’s inflation rate, which has come in at just under 790%, reflects the collapse of the country under President Emmerson Mnangagwa, who replaced Robert Mugabe in 2017. Corruption is widespread and conspicuous and Mnangagwa’s team has failed to come up with any smart ideas to fix the economy. A central bank currency peg has exacerbated political tensions. As Reuters reports, Zimbabwe’s worst economic crisis in more than a decade and rising public anger have stoked concern that the military, which ended Mugabe’s more than three-decades rule, might step in again. Last week, Zimbabwe’s National Security Council accused Mugabe allies and some opposition officials of peddling rumours of an impending military coup and said the country was stable. – Editor
Zimbabwe’s annual inflation rate jumps to 785.55% in May
By Godfrey Marawanyika
(Bloomberg) – Zimbabwe’s annual inflation surged to 785.55% in May from 765.57% in April, according to the National Statistics Agency.
The month-on-month inflation rate in May was 15.13% from April’s 17.64%, the agency said in a statement posted on its official Twitter account.
Zimbabwe’s Inflation Rate Jumps to 785.55% in May 2020. 1/ https://t.co/dcG2vq2FxC
— Wandile Sihlobo (@WandileSihlobo) June 16, 2020
#Venezuela continues to hold down the top spot on my world inflation table, with an #Inflation rate of 2963%/yr by
my measure. It’s followed by #Zimbabwe at 838%/yr. Last week, #Syria experienced an inflation surge. It’s #Inflation by my measure is now 315%/yr. pic.twitter.com/sskLagvxJo
— Prof. Steve Hanke (@steve_hanke) June 12, 2020
Dollar peg prompts rift between government and Bank in Zimbabwe
By Ray Ndlovu
(Bloomberg) – Zimbabwe’s fixed currency peg, adopted in March, has become the latest flash point between central bank Governor John Mangudya and Finance Minister Mthuli Ncube, people familiar with the situation said.
Mangudya unilaterally imposed the peg of 25 to the US dollar as the country entered a coronavirus lockdown in March, ignoring the recommendations of the Monetary Policy Committee and Ncube, the people said, asking not to be identified as the dispute hasn’t been publicly disclosed.
Prior to the central bank governor’s decision, a moving peg dictated by the market had been used. The introduction of the peg came without warning and has further strained relations between Mangudya and Ncube, who have disagreed over a range of policy issues, the people said.
It comes as black market rates for the Zimbabwe dollar range between 75 and 90 per unit of the US currency and the country’s worst economic crisis since at least 2008 deepens. That’s raised pressure on Mangudya and Ncube, who were last week called to testify to the politburo of the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front over why the economy was deteriorating, the Zimbabwe Independent newspaper said. Inflation in April surged to 786% and shortages of fuel, foreign currency and power are commonplace.
2/ The year on year inflation rate (annual percentage change) for the month of May as measured by all items #CPI stood at 785.55%
— Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency – ZIMSTAT (@zimstat) June 16, 2020
Mangudya and Ncube didn’t answer calls made to their mobile phone or respond to text messages. Calls to the deputy finance minister and finance secretary weren’t answered.
The widening gap between the official and black market currency rates is pushing companies to use illegal means to source foreign currency. In a June 8 statement after a meeting of the central bank’s monetary policy committee, Mangudya said the committee had “expressed serious concern over the continued deterioration in the exchange rates that were widely being used by the private sector.”
Industry associations representing tobacco and gold miners, two key exports, have asked for an urgent review of the official currency peg, which is used to pay producers the local unit equivalent of their earnings. They have cited threats to their industries’ viability due to mounting debts and a decline in revenue.
The depreciation on the black market is “divorced from economic fundamentals,” the central bank said in a statement today.
Ncube, who also heads a currency task-force, will at the end of this week meet with President Emmerson Mnangagwa to seek his approval to free float the local unit and drop the currency peg, the people said.
Zimbabwe reintroduced its own currency last year after a 10-years hiatus, caused by the scrapping of the Zimbabwe dollar in 2009 after a bout of hyperinflation.